Bloody diarrhea is a serious medical condition which causes dysentery with blood mixed in stools. Patients suffering from this disease need immediate medical attention, as it is considered to be a life threatening disease.
Let’s take a look at some causes and symptoms found in patients suffering from this disease.
The most important symptom for this disease is blood mixed in watery stools. This blood arises due to injury or disease; it arises from any part within the digestive system, right from mouth to the anus. Patient suffering from bleeding in stomach, duodenum or esophagus report black, tarry diarrhea (stools). And patients who suffer from bleeding in colon, rectum or anus report maroon colored or bright red colored diarrhea (stools).
The two main types of this disease are hematochezia and melena. Hematochezia results in maroon colored or bright red colored stools and melena results in tarry, black and smelly stools. Patients suffering from this disease also report symptoms like- body aches, fecal incontinence, fatigue, abdominal pain, rectal pain, fever, nausea, poor appetite and vomiting, rectal bleeding and undigested food or mucus in feces. Some of the symptoms which indicate severe infection are- change in level of consciousness, high fever, difficulty in breathing, vomiting black material or blood, rapid pulse, confusion and disorientation.
Patent with symptoms for severe infection should immediately visit a hospital or doctor’s clinic. Doctor will recommend a treatment based on severity of the infection. Doctor might ask patient to go for various tests like- X-rays of the abdomen, blood studies, stool culture, angiography, colonoscopy, and bleeding scan.
In case of massive amount of blood in stools, doctor might recommend the patient to get admitted in the intensive care unit (ICU) to be under constant medical monitoring. Monitoring the symptoms is very important. Some people might just ignore the presence of blood in stools, as blood can also arise due to acidity, and food poison. Blood in stools should not be ignored as it can also be one of the symptoms for cancer.
There are several causes behind this disease. It can happen to people in all age groups. Some of the most important causes are colon cancer, inflammatory bowel disease, food poisoning, constipation, esophageal varices, rectal prolapse, gastroenteritis, intestinal tumor, hemorrhoid, blood vessel malformation and bleeding peptic ulcer.
Some other causes are- radiation therapy, and side effects of medication. It can also infect children, in case if they eat food contaminated by bacteria, parasites and also due to inflammation in lower gastrointestinal system. Diarrhea disappears quickly if it is caused due to gastrointestinal infection. On the other hand, it lasts longer in case if it is caused due to inflammatory bowel disease.
Some people might get psychologically disturbed after finding blood in stools, but there is no need to worry, as there are several kinds of treatments available to cure this disease. Timely medication and medical supervision can help patients to recover quickly.
By – Nitten Gokhaley
Nitten writes for several websites and a newspaper called Life 365. He writes on variety of topics like Health, Travel, Business, Hollywood, Gadgets, Life style, Automobile, Politics, Science, Sociology, Psychology and more.
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