What is Caffeine?
Caffeine is the most widely used psychoactive stimulant drug. It is derived from some fruits, leaves of tea bush, and seeds. It is a bitter crystalline alkaloid. Caffeine is a part of our day to day life; we consume it in the form of energy drinks, tea, soft drinks and coffee. It is also a part of pain killer medications. Caffeine acts as a central nervous system stimulant, and helps us to get rid of drowsiness; sleepiness and also helps to restore alertness.
Caffeine induced disorders and psychological effects
Caffeine induced disorders are in limelight since the United State’s FDA recently found more than 10 cases of deaths due to caffeine overdose. The FDA is investigating these deaths, as all the victims were reported to have consumed energy drinks before their death.
Too much consumption of products containing caffeine can cause abnormal heart rhythms, headaches, and make you- anxious and restless. High consumption of caffeine can cause caffeine induced disorders. The four main types of disorders are- caffeine induced sleep disorder, caffeine intoxication, caffeine induced anxiety disorder, and withdrawal disorder.
- Caffeine induced sleep disorder
It is caused due to over consumption of food products containing caffeine. Too much consumption of caffeine can decrease the quality of sleep, alter the normal stages of sleep and reduce the total sleep time. This is termed as caffeine induced sleep disorder.
- Caffeine intoxication
It is a state in which the nervous system over stimulates because of caffeine overdose. This state of nervous system is known as Caffeine intoxication. It can cause psychomotor agitation, muscle twitching, gastrointestinal disturbance, increased urination, excitement, anxiety, restlessness and a rambling flow of thought.
- Caffeine induced anxiety disorder
In this type of disorder, the symptoms of insomnia and anxiety are much more severe compared to symptoms of caffeine intoxication. The insomnia is reported to be so severe, that it requires separate clinical attention.
- Caffeine Withdrawal
If a person stops consuming caffeine, he or she might experience inability to concentrate, headache, drowsiness, pain in joints, increased depression, vomiting, stomach and upper body. These symptoms might appear within 12 to 24 hours after stopping the consumption of products containing caffeine. These symptoms can last up to 2 days to 9 days.
Treatment for Caffeine induced disorders
Best way to treat Caffeine induced disorders is to lower the consumption of products which contain caffeine. You should choose beverages which are decaffeinated or non caffeinated. You should keep the consumption in a certain limit.
Around 12 billion pounds of coffee is consumed by people around the world every year. There are many people who are not even aware that even tea contains some amount of caffeine. Caffeine overdose can cause death. If a pregnant woman consumes too many food items containing caffeine, the caffeine might enter baby’s blood and put the baby’s life in danger.
So, the next time you decide to drink cola drinks, energy drinks, coffee, or tea, please think about caffeine and its side effects.
By- Nitten Gokhaley
Nitten writes for several websites and a newspaper called Life 365. He writes on variety of topics like Health, Travel, Business, Hollywood, Gadgets, Life style, Automobile, Politics, Science, Sociology, Psychology and more.
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