People are reducing their standard of living by migrating from villages to city areas

Leaving behind their beautiful homes in villages, people are migrating to slums in big cities. Some people easily fall prey to assumptions and rumors about better jobs, high pay packages, and life style offered by big cities.

Till the end of 90s, most part of India’s rural population was involved in agricultural activities.

As agriculture is no more financially feasible, and there are very less job opportunities in villages, people from village areas are slowly moving to big cities in search of better life. Even some of the ruling politicians are giving advertisements in rural newspapers and are asking people to migrate to big cities. However, in most cases, these migrants end up working as drivers, security guards, factory workers, cleaners, and start living in slums around city areas. Some of them even fail to earn enough to manage their basic needs like food, clothing, and shelter.

Nitten Gokhaley recently met Mr. Shirish Phadatare, the chairman of “Mantraa” one of the best research and consultancy firms in Pune. Shirish is also a part of Pune Municipal Corporation’s Shikshan Mandal. He talks about how some minor changes in the educational system can help in creating more job opportunities in villages.

Nitten: It’s sad to see that some people who migrate from villages to big cities in search of better future are actually reducing their standard of living by accepting low paid jobs and living in unhygienic conditions. What’s your take on this?

Shirish: I think people are moving from villages to cities, because they are not able to get enough job opportunities in their own villages. It is sad to see that people are actually reducing their standard of living in the name of development, as they are coming and living in tents, slums, and even on roads in big cities.

Govt should focus equally on the development of both, rural areas and urban areas. Govt should take steps and promote small scale industries in villages’ in-order to create job opportunities, and to reduce this migration.

Shirish Ji's story

Due to your work profile, you visit several villages not just in Maharashtra, but throughout India. According to you, what steps should the Govt take in-order to create jobs in villages?

The central and state Govt should start thinking about various ways to promote small scale businesses in villages. Govt offers tax cuts and other benefits to IT companies in cities like Pune; they should offer similar help to industrial units which create jobs in village areas.

Second most important factor is the education system. Education is the foundation for development of any village or city.  I think the Govt should focus on the education system in rural areas. Schools and colleges in villages should offer area specific educational courses.

Can you explain more about area specific educational courses?

By area specific educational courses, I mean, the educational courses offered in schools and colleges in any given village should be related to the industry which the village is famous for. If a sea side village is famous for its fishing industry, the schools and colleges in that area should offer more courses which focus on fisheries. If the village is famous for its dairy (Milk) industry, schools and colleges in that village should offer more courses which focus on dairy industry.

Govt should also request the educational institutes in villages to offer industry specific short term courses. So that industrial unites operating in that particular village will easily get technically sound/ educated man power. This will also help our country to develop skilled labor.

These days, companies which operate industrial units in villages complain about not getting enough skilled man power, as everyone is migrating to big cities. People will not think about moving out of their village if they find good job opportunities in their own village. Introducing some changes to the educational system, and helping small scale industries which generate employment in villages, will definitely bring the required change!


  • In December 2013, social activist Anna Hazare had pointed out that India will develop only when politicians start focusing on development of villages. He had also criticized all the political parties in the country for ignoring villages, focusing on development of tier 1 and tier 2 cities and promoting urban to rural migration.


  • Stats suggest that the Slum Rehabilitation Authority in Mumbai has undertaken around 1,524 projects from 1996. However, the authority has only completed 199 projects. Statistics from other cities in Maharashtra also show similar picture.



By- Nitten Gokhaley

Nitten writes for several websites, newspapers and a news agency.  He writes on variety of topics like Health, Travel, Business, Hollywood, Gadgets, Life style, Automobile, Politics, Science, Sociology, Psychology and more. If you are looking for a website content writer, please email us about your requirements:

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All rights reserved with- Nitten Gokhaley – Copyright 2014  

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